how many countries in the commonwealth

Rather, the Commonwealth is an international organization in which countries with diverse social, political, and economic backgrounds are regarded as equal in status, and cooperate within a framework of common values and goals, as outlined in the Singapore Declaration issued in 1971. Currently, sixteen of the 54 member states are Commonwealth realms, with the Head of the … ^ E. Constitutional monarchy that operates under a Westminster system. Nearly all of them are former British colonies or dependencies of those colonies. Small states are especially vulnerable to things like climate change or developmental challenges. [64][65], Some countries and regions could also join the Commonwealth on the basis of having been part of the British Empire including: Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Myanmar, Oman, Qatar, United Arab Emirates and Hong Kong. Barbados is set to remove Elizabeth II as its head of state and become a republic by 30 November 2021. ^ C. Though Pakistan celebrates 14 August 1947 as its independence day, independence was officially granted at midnight, 15 August 1947. From there, the British Commonwealth started going by the Commonwealth of Nations, and you will commonly see it shortened as the Commonwealth. There are 54 countries in the Commonwealth, in Africa, Asia, the Americas, Europe and the Pacific. This position, however, does not imbue her with any political or executive power over any Commonwealth member states; the position is purely symbolic, and it is the Commonwealth Secretary-General who is the chief executive of the Commonwealth. Interestingly enough, most, though not all, of the countries in the British Commonwealth happen to be British colonies. All territories in Canada are part of the Commonwealth, and the same is true of Australia. Not a member of the Commonwealth Foundation. Out of all fifty-three countries, India’s population accounts for the majority of the Commonwealth’s total population. Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM). Gained independence from Britain as part of Sudan in 1956. [5] The newest member is Rwanda, which joined on 29 November 2009. The Balfour Declaration brought to light the consensus that all British Empire countries were on par with the United Kingdom, which had not been the case beforehand. ^ B. South Africa, Pakistan, The Gambia, and the Maldives left and later rejoined the Commonwealth, and Zimbabwe has formally applied to rejoin. The 1986 proclamation was an exception, approved by Australian ministers. Other states which have expressed an interest in joining the Commonwealth over the years or states which may be eligible to join the Commonwealth include: Bahrain,[60] Cambodia,[60] Egypt,[60] Israel,[61] Libya,[60] Nepal,[62][63] Palestine,[60] United States[60] and Yemen. Dependent or not upon Britain's government, the member states of the Commonwealth of Nations all have a historical tie to Britain. Joined as Swaziland, subsequently changing its name to Eswatini on 19 April 2018. Commonwealth countries are diverse – they are amongst the world’s biggest, smallest, richest and poorest countries. Most of these countries used to be territories of the British Empire. No one government in the Commonwealth exercises power over the others, as is the case in a political union. The monarch is not the British monarch, hence making it not a Commonwealth realm. Leaders of member countries shape Commonwealth policies and priorities. The only country in South America that is part of the British Commonwealth is Guyana in the northern region of the continent. All dates below are provided by the Commonwealth of Nations Secretariat members list, and population figures are as of 1 February 2020.[8]. There were so many additions, alterations, and revisions to the Commonwealth of Nations until the year 1949. 32 of our members are classified as small states. Ever since, there have been fifty-three countries that are recognized as being part of the Commonwealth of Nations. The UK used to be viewed as greater than all other countries in the British Empire, so this was a huge step for equality amongst countries in Europe, hence the word commonwealth. Member countries of the Commonwealth of Nations, parliamentary republic with an executive presidency, Commonwealth of Nations membership criteria, List of countries by English-speaking population, List of countries where English is an official language, List of viceregal representatives of Elizabeth II, "Singapore Declaration of Commonwealth Principles 1971", "The Commonwealth–History–Dominion Status", "The Commonwealth–History–Modern Commonwealth", "Barbados announces plan to remove Queen Elizabeth as head of state next year", Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, "Statement by Commonwealth Secretary-General Kamalesh Sharma on The Gambia", "The Gambia presents formal application to re-join the Commonwealth", Federation of Malaya Independence Act 1957, Maldives quits Commonwealth over alleged rights abuses, "Maldives becomes 54th member of Commonwealth family", "Rwanda becomes a member of the Commonwealth", "Nauru Accedes to Full Membership of the Commonwealth", "Pakistan suspended from the Commonwealth", "Tuvalu Accedes to Full Membership of the Commonwealth".

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