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DermNet provides Google Translate, a free machine translation service. Bacterial skin infection: This occurs when bacteria enter the body through a break in the skin, such as a cut or a scratch. Casey Gallagher, MD, is board-certified in dermatology. These infections range from mild to severe. While our skin plays an important role in protecting us from infections, it is also vulnerable to many kinds of infections. It can be somewhat itchy but rarely causes pain or discomfort. Bacterial skin infections are usually caused by gram-positive strains of Staphylococcus and Streptococcus or other organisms. Skin infections are caused by any invading microorganisms and cause complications to the immune system that causes visual symptoms of the surface of the skin. Trichomycosis is found in the sweat gland areas, such as the pubic or axillary (armpit) areas, caused by the hair shafts. Michael Y, Shaukat NM. These types of skin infections are caused by a parasite. You may also experience other symptoms, such as itching, pain, and tenderness. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. It is caused by fungus, which lives in nail tissue, hair, and dead skin. Skin infections caused by staph bacteria include: Boils. Symptoms include extreme redness, swelling, and a sharply-defined border between the normal and infected skin tissue. Fungi often grow in warm, moist environments. It can be as large as 4 inches across horizontally, and usually has one or more openings from which pus may ooze onto the skin. The classical example is in HIV and skin disease but unusual and gross viral infections of the skin may occur in any condition in which immunity is impaired. Boils, or furuncles, are round, pus-filled skin nodules that result from infection with staphylococcus aureus bacteria. More complex infections may require a consultation with a dermatologist or even a rheumatologist. See a doctor if you have symptoms of cellulitis or abscess. Figure 2. Another type of skin infection is skin abscess, which is a collection of pus under the skin. Erysipelas, which is colloquially known as St. Anthony's Fire because of the intense, burning sensation that characterizes it, infects the top two layers of the skin. What are the symptoms of a skin infection? Bacterial and viral infections are hard to contract. Authoritative facts from DermNet New Zealand. Fungal infections are caused by fungi, and these usually develop on a person's skin. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol. Fungi usually make their homes in moist areas of the body where skin surfaces meet: between the toes, in the genital area, and under the breasts. These infections are most commonly treated with anti-fungal creams. Treatments for the less serious infections are often available over the counter at drug or department stores. Examples include: Human papillomavirus-associated penile, vulval, and oral intraepithelial neoplasia, vulval and oral cancer, epidermodysplasia verruciformis ; Epstein–Barr virus-associated lymphoproliferative disorders. Updated April 30, 2019. Kaur D, Chate S. Study of antibiotic resistance pattern in methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus with special reference to newer antibiotic. These types of bacterial skin infections are not discussed in this article. Viral skin infections tend to be much more aggressive and virulent if the immune system, especially the T-cell system, is inadequate. Often, doctors can identify the type of skin infection based on the appearance and location. Here’s our process. Trusted information on medical conditions Have a health concern? MedlinePlus. The scalp, like skin anywhere on the body, is prone to infections from many different types of infectious agents. It's an unfortunate fact, but your feet are prone to fungal infections. There are many species of candida that exists on the skin. Common fungal skin infections are caused by yeasts (such as Candida or Malassezia furfur) or dermatophytes, such as Epidermophyton, Microsporum, and Trichophyton.Many such fungi live only in the topmost layer of the epidermis (stratum corneum) and … Applying warm compresses can help drain a furuncle of pus, but In severe cases, it may have to be lanced in the doctor's office.. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. Some of them are not just skin infections … For this reason, carbuncles often require medical attention. Bacterial Skin Infections. Types of Skin infections including their causes, diagnosis, and related symptoms from a list of 133 total causes of symptom Skin infections. Viral infections can also cause cancer. August 4, 2020 506 No comment. The skin over the infected area usually becomes red and swollen. 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