is a cucumber a berry
Portion of a cucumber. Most of the plants in this family are annual vines, but some are woody lianas, thorny shrubs, or trees (Dendrosicyos). Though it’s most often eaten fresh, don’t be afraid to cook with cucumber, too. Cucumbers can be crunchy, refreshing and enjoyed raw. They are reputed to be easy to digest and to have a pleasant taste. Who cares, though, when cucumbers taste as good as they do! , A tendril emerges from cucumber vines to facilitate climbing, A bulb-shaped cucumber hanging on the vine, Organic gardener holding a fresh salad cucumber. The family Cucurbitaceae ranks among the highest of plant families for number and percentage of species used as human food. Cucumber is usually considered a vegetable because of how it’s used in the culinary world. The outer layer is called the "exocarp" or "epicarp"; the middle layer, the "mesocarp" or "sarcocarp"; the inner layer, the "endocarp". A number of articles in contemporary health publications stated that uncooked plants brought on summer diseases and should be forbidden to children. At Tommies, we chiefly look at the answer to this question from a health perspective. Traditional cultivars produce male blossoms first, then female, in about equivalent numbers. However, these can depend on whether you’re talking to a botanist, who uses the botanical definition or a nutritionist or chef, who will most likely use the culinary definition. In The Greenstone Door, William Satchell notes that "Te Moanaroa was dead – of a surfeit of cucumbers," having eaten four of the "prickly" melons. The netting holds four large seeds in place until the fruit ripens and the seeds drop to the ground to begin a new vine. Other botanical fruit that are culinarily considered vegetables are: avocado, olives, pumpkin, tomato, sweecorn, courgette, cucumber, green peas, chili, aubergine. The vine has large leaves that form a canopy over the fruits. How to keep healthy while in isolation or quarantine (COVID-19). Detox water is claimed to have all sorts of health benefits, including weight loss. Published in Acta Musei Nationalis Pragae, Series B – Historia Naturalis, vol. They’re typically best suited for savory dishes like entrees, soups, and salads. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/cucumber, LiveScience - Cucumbers: Health Benefits and Nutrition Facts, Healthline - Nutrition 7 Health Benefits of Eating Cucumber, cucumber - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), cucumber - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). When it comes to the opinion of chefs around the world, cucumbers are vegetables. It is indehiscent, i.e.  It was probably introduced to other parts of Europe by the Greeks or Romans. In May 2011, cucumbers infected with E. coli were claimed to have caused the deaths of at least ten people, leading to some retailers withdrawing cucumbers from sale in Germany, Austria and the Czech Republic. Cucumbers grown to eat fresh are called slicing cucumbers. Partially-pollinated flowers may develop fruit that are green and develop normally near the stem end, but are pale yellow and withered at the blossom end. How can you become a state representative? It works well in stir-fries or even sautéed by itself and topped with fresh herbs and a little salt and pepper. The cucumber is a creeping vine that roots in the ground and grows up trellises or other supporting frames, wrapping around supports with thin, spiraling tendrils. In botany (the study of plants), fruits allow a flowering plant to reproduce. In a 100-gram (3 1⁄2-ounce) serving, raw cucumber (with peel) is 95% water, provides 67 kilojoules (16 kilocalories) of food energy, and supplies low content of essential nutrients, as it is notable only for vitamin K at 16% of the Daily Value (table). The Cucurbitaceae, also called cucurbits or the gourd family, are a plant family consisting of about 965 species in around 95 genera, of which the most important to humans are: The plants in this family are grown around the tropics and in temperate areas, where those with edible fruits were among the earliest cultivated plants in both the Old and New Worlds. In botanical language, a berry is a simple fruit having seeds and fleshy pulp (the pericarp) produced from the ovary of a single flower.  Symptoms of inadequate pollination include fruit abortion and misshapen fruit. So, by that definition, a cucumber is a fruit. Tendrils are present at 90° to the leaf petioles at nodes. This distinction is based primarily on the biological function of the cucumber itself.  Some self-compatible cultivars exist that are related to the 'Lemon' cultivar. Typically, berries are juicy, rounded, brightly colored, sweet, sour or tart, and do not have a stone or pit, although many pips or seeds may be present. Classification of fruits and vegetables. It is commonly included in salads, stir-frys, and other common recipes for vegetables, rather than for fruits. , A varietal grown by the Hmong people with textured skin and large seeds, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Cucumbers: Planting, growing, and harvesting cucumbers", Cucumber, melon's common ancestor originated in Asia, Vegetables of a Cartilaginous Nature—Cucumbers. Discoloration Due to Diseases. The cucumber kept this reputation for an inordinate period of time, "fit only for consumption by cows," which some believe is why it gained the name, cowcumber. Here are 21 healthy and delicious vegetables that are low in carbs. The main varieties of slicers mature on vines with large leaves that provide shading. Although wild cucumbers are related to the familiar, domestic vegetable, the prickly “cucumbers” consist not of fleshy fruit, but of two seed chambers containing lacy netting. For example, cantaloupe melons, watermelons, butternut squash, cucumbers and pumpkins all belong to the same botanical family but have different nutritional compositions.1. Cucumbers are an easy to recognize vegetable in the grocery store and one of the most popular sellers commonly used in salads, fresh eating, and making pickles. Regardless of its fruit or vegetable status, there are countless ways to enjoy cucumber in your cooking or beauty routine. Though many people think of cucumbers as vegetables, the scientific definition indicates that they’re a type of fruit. Color can vary from creamy yellow to pale or dark green. Smaller slicing cucumbers can also be pickled. It was described for the first time in 1924 by the paleobotanist Frank Hall Knowlton. Lexico website, Fruit. Records of cucumber cultivation appear in France in the 9th century, England in the 14th century, and in North America by the mid-16th century. What are the product or solution found in home? Our latest podcast episode features popular TED speaker Mara Mintzer. You probably already know that cucumbers make for an excellent, easy-to-prepare addition to traditional tossed or fruit salads — and many don’t even want to imagine a world without pickles. In the later 17th century, a prejudice developed against uncooked vegetables and fruits. Try adding cucumber to homemade face masks and hair treatments for added moisture and a fresh scent — or include it in your favorite homemade soaps, facial toners, and body mists. The Romans are reported to have used cucumbers to treat scorpion bites and bad eyesight, and to scare away mice. The related gherkin (Cucumis anguria) is grown outdoors principally for pickling. Cucumbers not only make for a crunchy snack but also work well in homemade cosmetic and beauty applications. What are all the codes for Danny phantom the ultimate face-off? . 7 lifestyle tips to help reduce blood pressure. The question ‘Is cucumber a fruit or a vegetable?’ is a common one. However, much like tomatoes and squashes, it is often perceived, prepared, and eaten as a vegetable. Wiki User Answered . They’re also rich in several unique plant compounds, such as cucurbitacins and cucumegastigmanes, which have potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties (4). We believe in a world where people live a healthier life because they know how to. Scientifically speaking, cucumbers are fruits because they grow from the flowers of the plant and hold the seeds. Shake things up by making cucumber the main focus of your salad. Here’s what the research has to say. A botanist would use the botanical classification, which is based on the plant’s physiological characteristics, like the structure, function and organisation of the plant.1 Therefore, botanically speaking, a ‘fruit’ is the seed-bearing product that grows from the ovary of a flowering plant or, in other words, a fruit is the plants’ way of spreading its’ seeds.2 A botanical fruit would have at least one seed and grow from the flower of the plant.1 With this definition in mind, cucumbers are classified as fruit because they contain tiny seeds in the middle and grow from the flower of the cucumber plant. A nutritionist, chef or even your grandma, would use the culinary classification system, that defines fruit and vegetables in a slightly different manner, basing it on the way the plants are used and their flavour profiles.1 Culinary speaking, a ‘vegetable’ usually has a tougher texture, tastes blander and often requires cooking in dishes like stews, soups or stir-fries.1,2 A ‘fruit’, however, has a soft texture, tends to be either sweet or tart and is often enjoyed raw or in desserts or jams.1,2. With a mild taste and crisp texture, they are a summertime staple of many. Check out our article on seasonal fruit and vegetables by month in Europe! Our turnips, parsnips, and carrots are here both bigger and sweeter than is ordinary to be found in England. (Chapter XX, "The Storm Cloud"). It’s widely cultivated and makes a nutritious addition to any diet. Are seasonal fruit and vegetables better for the environment? Summary – Cucumbers are both fruit and vegetables! , Cucumber fruits consist of 95% water (see nutrition table). ©EUFIC 2020 | RUE DES DEUX EGLISES 14, 3RD FLOOR, 1000 BRUSSELS, BELGIUM | VAT: BE0456866931 | +32477911180 | firstname.lastname@example.org | DESIGN:FWD You can also apply freshly sliced cucumber to sunburned skin for a natural cooling effect (4). But does it work? The salt concentration is maintained at 8 to 10 percent during the first week and is increased 1 percent a week…, …immature fruit, such as eggplant, cucumber, and sweet corn (maize); or the mature fruit, such as tomato and pepper.…, …cooling is preferred for bean, cucumber, eggplant, pepper, and tomato. The families of flowering plants: descriptions, illustrations, identification, information retrieval. L. Watson and M.J. Dallwitz (1992 onwards).  They are mainly eaten in the unripe green form, as the ripe yellow form normally becomes bitter and sour. However, subsequent testing failed to show contamination in imported Spanish cucumbers, which led to the Spanish Government demanding compensation for Spanish farmers who had been forced to destroy huge quantities of cucumbers. In Europe, they are grown outdoors in some regions, where bees are likewise excluded. The ovary can be inferior or superior. This infused H2O drink will keep you hydrated and healthy in more ways than you might think. Top Answer. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. To summarise, cucumbers are usually prepared in salads or pickled despite botanically being a fruit, which is why they are often described as a vegetable from a culinary perspective.
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